George Melbourne Huggins (1861–1928) of Halifax, Nova Scotia

Principal of Richmond School on the date of the Halifax Explosion – 6th December 1917, when his daughter, Merle, was killed.
He oversaw the rebuilding of the school, after which
the family removed to Los Angeles, California.

George Melbourne Huggins was the second child and eldest son of William Shuter Huggins (c.1822–1896) and Margaret Mackenzie (c.1836–1906). He was born on the 24th November 1861 in Nova Scotia, probably at Halifax. [1] He was the grandson of William Huggins (c.1749–1802) and Sarah Kennedy of Coalisland, county Tyrone.

On the 29th August 1888, when he was a school teacher living in Bridgewater, George Melbourne Huggins married Miss Florence Isoletta Cole, daughter of William G. and Caroline Cole. [2] Florence was born on the 19th June 1870 at Little River, Nova Scotia. [3] 

1891 Census –

  • George Huggins, M, age 28, M, born in Nova Scotia, father born in Ireland, mother born in Scotland, C. Presbyterian, Teacher
  • Florence, F, age 21, M, born in Nova Scotia, father born in Nova Scotia, mother born in Nova Scotia
  • William, M, age 2, son, born in Nova Scotia
  • Gladys, F, age 11/12 [11 months], daughter, born in Nova Scotia
  • census place: Lunenburg, Nova Scotia [4] 

1901 Census —

  • George Huggins, male, white, head, married, born Nov 24 1861, age 39, born in Nova Scotia, father Irish, mother Canadian, Church of England, Teacher
  • Florence, female, white, wife, married, June 19 1861 (sic), age 31, born in NS, father Scotch, mother Canadian, Church of England
  • William, male, white, son, single, Nov 10 1889, age 12, born in NS
  • Gladys, female, white, daughter, single, Jun 18 1890, age 11, born in NS
  • Mary, female, white, daughter, single, July 21 1891, age 10, born in NS
  • Greta, female, white, daughter, single, Nov 19 1893, age 7, born in NS
  • Irene, female, white, daughter, single, Dec 18 1894, age 6, born in NS
  • Ruth, female, white, daughter, single, June 6 1897, age 4, born in NS
  • Anne, female, white, daughter, single, S, Mar 1 1900, age 1, born in NS
  • census place: Kentville, Kings County, Nova Scotia [5] 

Young William Melbourne Huggins died on the 8th October 1910 in Halifax. His body was buried in Camp Hill cemetery. [14]

1911 Census – by which date, it appears that George’s and Florence’s daughter, Irene, had also died:

  • George Huggins, male, head, married, born July 1862, age 48, born in Nova Scotia, racial origin: English, nationality: English, religion: Presbyterian, School teacher, insured for $1,000, reads and writes, first language: English
  • Florence, female, wife, married, born Dec. 1872, age 36, ...
  • Gladas [sic], female, daughter, single, born May 1891, age 20, ...
  • Mary, female, daughter, single, born Oct. 1891 [sic], age 19, ...
  • Greta, female, daughter, single, born July 1882, age 17, ...
  • Ruth, female, daughter, single, born Jan 1893, age 13, ...
  • Annie, female, daughter, single, born April 1902 [sic], age [--], ...
  • George M., male, son, single, born April 1902, age 8, ...
  • Merle, female, daughter, single, born July [or Jany] 1904, age 6, ..., reads cannot write
  • Gertrude, female, daughter, single, born Jany 1910, 10/12 months
  • William, male, son, single, born May 1891, age 21, .... reads and writes
  • census place: Halifax, Nova Scotia [6]

    [-] signifies an illegible character.
      It is a mystery why William’s name was included in the 1911 census (which was enumerated on or about 1st June 1911), as he had died eight months earlier on 8th October 1910. [14] The 1909-10 city directory for Halifax shows William boarding in his father’s house at no. 15 East Young Street (where he died in 1910); but his name was absent from the directory in 1910-11. [53] No trace of this young man has been found in later censuses, vital statistics records, contemporary newspapers, etc.

George M. Huggins was the principal of Richmond School as early as 1907/08, [7] and at the time of the Halifax Explosion, which occurred on December 6, 1917. George “was badly injured in the explosion and his daughter [Merle] was killed. He retired soon after he saw the completion of the new school.” [8] This terrible story of community, family, and personal tragedy is outlined in the biographical sketch for young Merle Huggins (1904–1917) who died while walking to Richmond School.

The surviving family members were enumerated in the 1921 census:

  • George Huggins; domicile: Rockingham, Halifax; tenure by rent at $15/month; class A house, constructed of wood, 6 rooms; head, male, married, age 56, born in Nova Scotia, parents born in Nova Scotia [sic!], race: English, speaks English and French, Presbyterian, reads and writes, School teacher at public school, income $2000
  • Florence, wife, female, married, age 50, born in Nova Scotia, both parents born in Nova Scotia, ... speaks English [only], ...
  • George Jr., son, male, single, age 17, ... student
  • Gladis, daughter, female, single, age 23, ... student
  • Mary, daughter, female, single, age 22, ... student
  • Greta, daughter, female, single, age 21, ... student
  • Ruth, daughter, female, single, age 20, ... [occupation illegible] at Royal Bank, income $1200
  • Bobs [Annie Caroline], daughter, female, single, age 19, ... student
  • Gertrude, daughter, female, single, age 10, ... [student?]
  • census place: an apartment house, Bedford [near Halifax] [9]

Not long afterwards, the family removed to Los Angeles. George and Florence obtained their U.S. naturalization papers on the 16th February 1925. The “Declaration of Intention” form contained the following information: George Huggins, aged 64 years, occupation: Teacher, color: white, complexion: fair, height: 6ft 0in., blue scar above left eye; born in Halifax, N.S., Canada on 23rd November 1860; now resides at 1216 Sycamore Ave., Los Angeles; emigrated to the U.S. from Windsor, Canada; arrived at the port of Detroit, Michigan on the 29th October 1924; last foreign residence was Rockingham, Canada; married to Florence I., born at Halifax, Canada, resides with me [George]. [signed:] George Melbourne Huggins, 16th February 1925. [10] 

George Melbourne Huggins died in Los Angeles on the 22nd October 1928, aged sixty-six years. [11] His body was buried in Hollywood Forever cemetery. [12] 

Two years after her husband’s death, on the 7th April 1930, the U.S. census enumerated Florence with three of her children in Los Angeles:

  • Huggins, George M., head, male, white, age 28, single, born in NS, father and mother born in NS, English, immigrated in 1923, Naturalized, Cashier for Electric railroad
  • Florence I., mother of head, female, white, age 60, married [sic], married at 19, born in NS, father and mother born in NS, English, immigrated 1924, Alien
  • Gladys A., sister, female, white, age 30, single, immigrated 1923, Alien
  • Gertrude A., sister, female, white, age 19, single, immigrated 1924, Alien
  • census place: 632 Coronado Terrace, Bellevue, Los Angeles, California [13] 

In fact, Florence and her daughters, Gladys and Gertrude, had entered the U.S. from her new home in Vancouver, British Columbia. The immigration card recorded the following information: Port of Blaine, Washington, 24 Feb 1930, Huggins Florence Isoleta [with] Dtr Aline Gertrude, female, widow, occupation: none, born at Little River, N.S., Canada; nationality: Canadian, race; Scotch; race: white; language: English; last permanent residence: Vancouver, B.C., Canada; destination: Los Angeles, California; passage paid by: self; ever in the U.S? yes, 1923 to June 1929 - Los Angeles County; going to: George Huggins, 210 So Flower Street, Los Angeles; height 5’ 3”, complexion: dark; hair: gr. br., eyes: bro.; address of nearest relative or friend in country from whence came: Mrs. C. Gladwin c/0 Lee Bldg, Vancouver, B.C. (sister). [15] 

Florence Isoletta Huggins, née Cole, died in Burnaby, British Columbia on the 15th December 1955, aged eighty-five years. Her body was buried in Ocean View Burial Park. [16] Four of Florence’s children had followed her to British Columbia:

  • Gladys Alice Huggins died in Surrey, British Columbia, on the 29th September 1970, aged eighty years. Her body was buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery in Surrey. [17] 

  • Mary Florence Huggins married Howard Ivan Saunders, a railway passenger agent, originally from Springfield, Nova Scotia, in Fort Massey Church, Halifax, on the 6th November 1923. [18] On the 6th February 1929, Mary and Howard (Ivan) crossed the Canada-U.S. border into Vanceboro, Maine. At the time, the couple resided in St John, New Brunswick. Their destination was Boston, Mass. Mary was described as 5’5-1/2” tall, of med. complexion, with brn hair and blue eyes. The contact person was her Aunt Gertrude Huggins of no. 47 Robson (very illegible) Street in Halifax. Ivan gave as his contact, his brother, Emil(?) of Kentville, N.S. [19]  

    Mary Florence and Howard’s household was enumerated in the U.S. 1930 census as follows:

    - Saunders, Howard I., head, male, white, age 32, married at age 26, Canada-English, both parents Canada-English, immigrated 1929, Alien, Salesman for Railway
    - Mary F., wife, female, white, age 29, married at age 23, Canada-English, both parents Canada-English, speaks English, immigrated 1929
    - census place: Bellevue Street, Boston, Massachusetts
    [20] 

    Mary and Howard eventually made their way to White Rock, British Columbia where, first, Howard died in September, 1971, aged seventy-three years. [21] Mary Florence Saunders, née Huggins, died a centenarian in 1992. [22] Both lie buried in Sunnyside Lawn cemetery in Surrey. [23] 

  • George Macmillan Huggins worked variously as an actor and a cashier during his sojourn in Los Angeles. [13] In the 1940 census, he was recorded in the U.S. census as pursuing the former while living at the Hotel Richmond on Sunset Boulevard. Five years earlier, he had been living in San Francisco. [30] On 17th November 1942, George signed up for WWII service at Fresno. [31] U.S. WWII service records being accessible only at the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC) in St. Louis, it is not yet known whether George served at home or overseas during this conflict. Later in life, George joined his mother and sisters in British Columbia, where he died on the 9th October 1965. [32] His body was buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery in Surrey. [33] 

  • Gertrude Aline Huggins was married, first, to Frank Rose in Santa Ana, California, on the 1st June 1936. Frank was born in the state of Missouri in about 1915, the son of Allen Rose and Minnie Dye. [34] The U.S. 1940 census recorded the couple living in Vendome Avenue, Los Angeles; Frank was a manager of a café. [35] Sometime after the couple divorced in 1949, [36] Gertrude migrated to British Columbia. She remarried to John Oliver Peacock, a native of Newcastle upon Tyne in England, the son of Richard Henry Foster and Ellen Rankin, and a carpenter by trade. [37] Gertrude Aline Peacock, formerly Rose, née Huggins, died at White Rock on the 21st March 1986, aged seventy-six years. [38] A little more than ten years later, John Oliver Peacock died in December, 1996, having reached his eighty-seventh year. [39] Both lie buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery in Surrey. [40]

☛ The remaining three children of George M. Huggins and Florence I. Cole made their respective ways tovery different places, each at a considerable distance from British Columbia where their mother and surviving siblings had gone to live:

Greta Margaret Huggins—later styled, Margaret G.—married Samuel Gibson Lewis, who was born 3rd June 1889 in La Panza, San Luis Obispo, California, the son of Walter and Elizabeth Lewis. [24]

The U.S. 1940 census enumerated the couple’s household as follows:

  • Samuel G. Lewis, head, male, white, age 50, married, attained grade 8, born in California, lived in same place in 1935; Ranch Operator
  • Margaret G., wife, female, white, age 42, married, finished two years in high school, born in Canada, lived in San Luis Obispo in 1935
  • Wilbern E. Thompson, lodger, male, white, age 26, single, completed one year in high school, born in Texas, lived in same place in 1935, Ranch laborer
  • Luer[?], Harvey A., lodger, male, white, age 23, single, completed four years in high school, born in North Dakota; lived in Kootena[--], Idaho in 1935; Ranch laborer
  • census place: Santa Margarita, San Luis Obispo County, California [25]

Margaret G. Lewis, née Huggins, died at Atascadero, in San Luis Obispo County, on the 1st September 1972, aged seventy-eight years; [26] and Samuel Gibson Lewis died in San Luis Obispo County on the 29th May 1975, in his eighty-sixth year. [27] Both lie buried in San Luis Cemetery in San Luis Obispo, San Luis Obispo County. [28]

Ruth Kathleen Huggins married Adam Roy Putnam of Maitland, Nova Scotia, in Chicago, Illinois, on the 21st May 1926. [29] Adam Roy Putnam was born in Maitland on the 1st November 1896, the son of Lewis Archibald Putnam and Abbie F. Roy. [41] [42a]

When Adam was drafted into military service for the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary Force (Moncton, New Brunswick, 19th October 1918), he was employed as a bank clerk and resided at home, with his father, 173 Bonaccord St. in Moncton, New Brunswick. He was described as 5’3” tall, with medium complexion, brown eyes, and brown hair. Adam was struck off the strength upon demobilization of the CEF on the 12th December 1918, having served in Canada, and discharged at St. John, New Brunswick, 26th March 1919. [42b]

In 1925, Adam declared his intention to become a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1925. The Declaration of Intention form recorded the following information: Adam Roy Putnam, aged 28 years, occupation: bookkeeper, color white, complexion fair, height 5 feet 4 inches, no distinctive marks; born at Maitland, Nova Scotia, Canada on the 1st November 1896; now resides at 76 Watson Street, Detroit, Michigan; emigrated to the U.S. from Windsor, Canada by ferry; not married; arrived at the port of Detroit on the 13th May 1925. He applied for U.S. Naturalization in Detroit District Court in 1941. [43] Ruth had entered the country previously, on the 22nd July 1923. [44]

Ruth’s and Adam’s household was enumerated in the U.S. 1940 census as follows:

  • A. Roy Putnam, head, male, white, age 41, married, attained four years in high school, born in Canada, lived in the same place in 1935; occupation: Clerk in bank, income $1,560
  • Ruth, wife, female, white, age 40, married, attained two years in college, born in Canada, lived in the same place in 1935
  • census place: 14771 Mack Avenue, Detroit, Michigan [45]

 Ruth and Adam retired to Maitland, Nova Scotia, where first, he died in February, 1987, [46] and four years later, Ruth, in her ninety-fourth year. Both lie buried in Oak Island cemetery, in the countryside outside the town of Maitland. [47]

Annie Caroline “Bobs” Huggins married Malgwyn Thomas on 21st February 1930, in Vancouver, British Columbia. Malgwyn was a plasterer by trade, and was born the 7th June 1891 at Pontypridd in Glamorganshire, Wales, the son of Thomas Thomas and Mary Ann Rhys. [48] [49] [50]

In 1934, Malgwyn returned home to Wales with Bobs, to take up farming, as per the passenger list information from the sailing of the Georgic from New York and Boston to Liverpool: arrival at Liverpool, England, on 7 January 1934 with his wife, Annie Caroline [née Huggins]; departed New York on the Georgic, Cunard White Star line; destination: Penfforoofawr Farm, Bonvilston near Cardiff; Farmer; age, 42; country of last permanent residence, Canada; country of intended future permanent residence: Wales; and for Annie: Housewife; age, 33. [51] 

Malgwyn died in 1984, in his ninety-third year. [50] Bobs died five years later on the 18th July 1998, at the great old age of ninety-eight years. [52] 

❦        ❦        ❦

Postscript:—It appears that there might be no descendants of this branch.
If another family historian discovers otherwise,
please do get in touch via the contact page.

Links:

Sources:

1.

Canada 1881 Census. William Shuter Huggins, age 59, with wife, Margaret (45), and children: Mary E. Gladman (24), G.M. (20), Wm. H. (18), John A. (14), C.E. (12); and grandson, Wm. Gladman (10 months); and Mary J. Ferguson, age 18; Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record: National Archives Canada, ref. NAC C-13168, District 9, Subdistrict E, Ward 5, pg. 63, family no. 330. Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 1375804); index online at familysearch.org (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28); confirmed to digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription).

2.

An apostrophe indicates that the letter or letters following were raised, or written in superscript, in the original text.

3.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Civil Registration of a Marriage. George Melbourne Huggins, age 26, bachelor, school teacher, resident of Bridgewater, born in Halifax, son of William (merchant) and Margaret. Florence J. [sic] Cole, age 19, spinster, resident of Little River, born in Little River, daughter of William G. (miner) and Caroline. Marriage solemnized by the Rev. Allan Simpson (Presbyterian), by licence, at Halifax, 29th August 1888; witnesses: Wm Huggins, Marg’t Huggins. Original record: Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management. Archival ref. book 1818, pg. 100, no. 321. Digital image online at Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management, novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

4.

Canada 1891 Census. George Melbourne Huggins, age 28, with wife, Florence (2), and children: William (2) and Gladys (11 months); in Summerside, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Original record held by Library and Archives Canada. Archival ref. district no. 38, subdistrict: Summerside, pg. 31. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28).

5.

Canada 1901 Census. George Melbourne Huggins, age 39, with wife, Florence (31), and children William (12), Gladys (11), Mary (10), Greta (7), Irene (6), Ruth (4), and Anne (1); in Kentville, Nova Scotia. Original record held by Archives and Library Canada. Archival ref. #0-2, pg. 1, Kings County (#36), Nova Scotia. Transcript online at automatedgenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28).

6.

Canada 1911 Census. George Melbourne Huggins, age 48, with wife, Florence (36), and children: Gladas [sic] (20), Mary (19), Greta (17), Ruth (13), Annie (age illegible), George M. (8), Merle (6), Gertrude (10 months), and William (21); in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record: Library and Archives Canada (Otttawa). Archival ref. district no. 81, ward 6. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28).

7.

McAlpine’s Nova Scotia Directory, 1907-08. Extract: George M. Huggins, principal, Richmond School; and William Huggins, clerk, WH Tuttle; and John Huggins, manager, Cameron’s Drug Store. Digital image online at Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management, novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed 2008-08-30).

8.

(a) The Halifax Explosion, December 6, 1917: a slideshow courtesy of Janet Kitz. Online at the CBC, cbc.ca/halifaxexplosion (accessed 2008-08-30).
(b) The Halifax Explosion. Interactive web site, and resources for teachers. Online at the CBC, op. cit. (c) The Halifax Explosion: In the blink of an eye. Online at www.halifaxexplosion.org (accessed 2015-12-05). [d] Halifax Explosion 100th Anniversary Commemorative Program. Online at halifax.ca/halifaxexplosion/ (accessed 2015-12-06).

9.

Canada 1921 Census. George Melbourne Huggins, age 56, with wife, Florence (50), and children: George (17), Gladis (23), Mary (22), Greta (21), Ruth (20), Bobs [Annie Caroline] (19), and Gertrude (10); in Bedford, Nova Scotia. Original record held by Library and Archives Canada, Sixth Census of Canada, 1921 (Ottawa); series RG31, Statistics Canada fonds. Archival ref. district no. 57, subdistrict no. 10, Bedford polling district no. 15, pg. 21B. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

10.

U.S. Naturalization Records, 1840–1957. The “Declaration of Intention” form contained the following information: George Huggins, aged 64 years, occupation: Teacher, color: white, complexion: fair, height: 6ft 0in., blue scar above left eye; born in Halifax, N.S., Canada on 23rd November 1860; now resides at 1216 Sycamore Ave., Los Angeles; emigrated to the U.S. from Windsor, Canada; arrived at the port of Detroit, Michigan on the 29th October 1924; last foreign residence was Rockingham, Canada; married to Florence I., born at Halifax, Canada, resides with me [George]. [signed:] George Melbourne Huggins, 16th February 1925. Counter-signed by the Deputy Clerk for Chas. N. Williams, Clerk of the U.S. District Court, Southern District of California. Original record: National Archives, Washington, D.C.: Records for the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, 1890-1957; NARA Microfilm Publication M1542, 153 rolls; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21. (ref. Roll 017, Declarations of Intention 66-69; 311101-33100, 11/23/24–4/12/25). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

11.

State of California (USA). Index of California State Deaths, 1905–1929. George M. Huggins, Los Angeles California. Original record: Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/ County Clerk, ref. file no. 50497. Digital image online at www.vitalsearch-ca/gen/ca/_vitals/cadeathm.htm (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-09-28).

12.

Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 22949471. George Huggins, born 1859, died in 1928; buried in Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Hollywood, Los Angeles County, California (plot: Garden of Beginnings). Memorial created by “TLS,” 17 November 2007; online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

13.

U.S. 1930 Census. George Melbourne Huggins, age 28), mother Florence Isoletta Cole (60), and sisters, Gladys A. (30) and Gertrude A. (19); in Los Angeles, California. Original record: Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930 (NARA microfilm T626), Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. district no. 19-395, supervisor’s district no. 17, sheet no. 8-A (Coronado Terrace, Bellevue). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

14.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Civil Registration of a Death. William Melbourne Huggins, male, died 8 October 1910, aged 21 years; resident of 15 East Young St., Halifax, N.S.; occupation: Clerk; marital status: single; born at Halifax; cause of death: primary – tuberculosis, secondary – pulmonary haemorrhage; religious denomination: Presbyterian, race: white; physician: Geo. M. Campbell; death registered 27th December 1910; undertaker; J. Spencer; buried in Camp Hill cemetery, Halifax. Original record: Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management. Archival ref. book 8, pg. 316, no. 1896. Digital image online at novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30). ☛ ‡ No. 15 East Young Street was the address listed for William’s father, George M. Huggins (principal, Richmond School), in McAlpine’s City Directories for 1909-11 (Vol. LXI, pg. 321), in which William was recorded as a student at in his father’s house. William’s name was not recorded in the 1910-11 directory (Vol. LXII, pg. 324).

15.

U.S. Border Crossings from Canada to the U.S., 1825–1960. Florence Isoleta Huggins and daughter, Aline Gertrude, 12 February 1930. Original record: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, RG 85 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration) record ref. A3599 Blaine, Washington, July 1924–October 1956. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-21).

16.

Province of British Columbia. Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. Florence Isoleta Huggins of 4413 Fir Street, Burnaby; resident in province 19 years, in municipality where died 18 years, in Canada for life; female, Canadian, racial origin: English, widow, born in Nova Scotia 19th June 1869, age at death: 86 years 5 months 26 days; house wife at home, date last worked in 1940; widow of George Melborne [sic] Huggins; name of mother and father not known, birthplace of both in Nova Scotia; informant: George M. Huggins, son, of 4413 Fir Street, Burnaby 1., B.C.; burial 19th December 1955 in Ocean View Burial Park; undertaker: Royal Oak Funeral Chapel, 3412 Kingsway, Burnaby 1; died 15th December 1955; disease or condition directly leading to death: Hypostatic pneumonia, 10 days; other significant conditions: Osteoarthritis of spine, 30 years. Return certified at New Westminster, 19 December 1955, District Registration no. 1653; reg. no. 83-09-012717. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

17.

(a) Province of British Columbia (Canada). Index entry for civil registration of a death. Gladys Alice Huggins, Surrey, British Columbia. Original record: British Columbia Archives. Archival ref. registration no. 1970-09-013573, microfilm no. B13306 (GSU # 2034214). Transcript online at B.C. Archives, search.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).
(b) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28132252. Gladys Alice Huggins, born 1890, died 29 September 1970; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey (plot CEDAR 014 C-2). Gravestone inscription: “HUGGINS / Gladys A. / 1890 – 1970 / In Loving Memory.” Memorial created by “SusanR,” 8 July 2008; photograph of gravestone by Mark Gordienko. Online at www.findagrave.coms (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2018-02-21).

18.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Marriage Register. Howard Ivan Saunders, occupation: Railway passenger agent, bachelor, age 25, religious denomination: Baptist, resident of Montreal; born at Springhill, Nova Scotia; reads and writes; father: Earl William Saunders, born at Springfield; mother: Bertha Grimm. Mary Florence Huggins, spinster, age 25, religious denomination: Presbyterian; reisdent of Rockingham, Nova Scotia; born in Halifax; reads and writes; father; George M Huggins, born in St George [illegible] Hpc; mother: Florence Cole. Marriage solemnized 6 November 1923, by licence, by the Rev. D.W. Ross (Presbyterian) in Fort Massey Church, Halifax. WItnesses: Geo. M. Huggins, Rockingham; S.S. Thompson, 24 Church St., Halifax. Original record: Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management. Archival ref. book 35, pg. 615, form 2, registered no. 3630. Digital image online at novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

19.

U.S. Border Crossings from Canada, 1895–1960. Extract of Manifest: Port of Vanceboro, Maine, 2 February 1929. Howard Ivan Saunders, with wife, Mary Florence; [Howard:] age 31, male, occupation: Railway agent; born at Springhill, Nova Scotia; nationality: Canadian; race: English; language: English; last permanent residence: St. John, N.B. [New Brunwick]; destination: Boston, Mass.; passage paid by R.R. [illegble]; ever in US? yes, varous short trips; relative: c/o C.P.R. Office 405 P[—] st.; purpose and time remaining in U.S.: work p[—]; bond: C.P. 499164; height 5ft 7in., [remainder of description illegible]; name and address of nearest relative: Emil [illegible], Kentville, Nova Scotia; no. 10112; [remainder of card is illegible, except for reference numbers on the reverse:] 592775, TC.282357. Original record: The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Alphabetical Manifest Cards of Alien Arrivals at Vanceboro, Maine, ca. 1906-December 24, 1952; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787 - 2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: M2071; Roll Number: 013. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and extract by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

20.

U.S. 1930 Census. Howard I. Saunders, age 32, with wife, Mary F. (29); in Boston, Massachusetts. Original record: Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930 (NARA microfilm T626), Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. enumeration district no. 13-514, supervisor’s district no. 13, ward 20. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

21.

Province of British Columbia. Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. Howard Ivan Saunders, died at Peace Arch District Hospital, White Rock, B.C.; in municipality where death occurred, 7 years; in province, 10 years; in Canada, life; permanent residence: 14990 16th Avenue, White Rock; male, Canadian, white, married; born at Springfield, Nova Scotia 5th February 1898; age, 73 years; trade: Passenger agent, for railroad; date deceased last worked at this occupation: 1964, total years spend in this occupation: 45 years; father: Earl Saunders, born at Springfield, Nova Scotia; mother: Bertha Grimm, birthplace not known; informant: Mary F. Saunders, wife, of 14990 16th Avenue, White Rock, 2nd September 1971; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey, B.C.; undertaker: Chapel Hill Funeral Parlour, White Rock; cause of death: Squamous cell carcinoma of left Ar[--]m with Metast. to lungs, 1 year; recent operation, 15 October 1970, carcinoma of left antrum, no autopsy, Dr. Erwin Heinrichs; certified 7th September 1971. Original record ref. GR-2951, Vol. 012B, Death registrations, 012501–012999, 1971. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

22.

Province of British Columbia. Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. Mary Florence Saunders, female, died 1 June 1992, Evergreen Nursing Home, White Rock, B.C. V4B 2R5; usual address: 1550 Oxford Street, White Rock, B.C. V4B 2R4; widowed, husband: Howard Ivan Saunders, Clerk; born 21 July 1900 [sic], age 91 years; born in Bridgewater, Nova Scotia; father: George Huggins, born in England [sic], mother: Florence Cole, born in England [sic]; informant: John O. Peacock, 1 June 1992, brother in law, 205-15318 North Bluff Road, White Rock V4A 1R4; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey; undertaker: Chapel Hill Funeral Parlour, Surrey. Cause of death: Colitis; significant condition: Dementia. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

23.

(a) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28274872. Howard Ivan Saunders, born 5 February 1898 in Springfield, Nova Scotia, Canada; died 2 September 1971 in White Rock, British Columbia; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey (plot CEDAR 014 C-3). Inscription: SAUNDERS / Together Forever / [left side:] Howard I. / 1899 – 1971 / [right side:] Mary F. / 1900 – 1992.” Memorial created by “SusanR,” 14 July 2008; photograph of gravestone by Mark Gordienko. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2018-02-21).
(b) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28274871. Mary Florence Huggins Saunders, born 21 July 1900 [sic] at Bridgewater, Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia, Canada; died 1 June 1992 in White Rock, British Columbia; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey (plot CEDAR 014 C-4). Inscription: SAUNDERS / Together Forever / [left side:] Howard I. / 1899 – 1971 / [right side:] Mary F. / 1900 – 1992.” Memorial created by “SusanR,” 14 July 2008; photograph of gravestone by Mark Gordienko. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2018-02-21).

24.

U.S. WWII Draft Registration Card. Serial no. U601. Samuel Gibson Lewis, of 2mi. E. Santa Marguerita, San Luis Obispo, California; mailing address: Pozo, San Luis Obispo County.; age 52 years; born 3 June 1778 in La Panza, California; name and address of person who will always know your address: Mrs. Margaret Lewis, Pozo, Calif.; employer: Self, Theresa Plains, Pozo, San Luis Obispo County. Description: white, 5ft 9-1/2in., 196lb., hazel eyes, gray hair, ruddy complexion, no other obvious physical characteristics. Registered at Selective Service Board, Local no. 136, Paso Robles, California, 25 April 1942. Original record: The National Archives at St. Louis; St. Louis, Missouri; World War II Draft Cards (4th Registration) for the State of California; Record Group Title: Records of the Selective Service System, 1926-1975; Record Group Number: 147. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-20).

25.

U.S. 1940 Census. Samuel G. Lewis, age 50, and wife, Margaret G. (42); in Santa Margarita, San Luis Obispo County, California. Original record: USA, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Archival ref. supervisor’s district no. 10, enumeration district no. 40-33, sheet 2A, enumerated 5–9 April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

26.

U.S. Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936–2007. Greta M Lewis (Greta M Huggins), female, born 19 November 1893 in Canada, daughter of George M Huggins and Florence I Cole, SSN 557789248, notes: 12 Feb 1976: name listed as Greta M. Lewis. Original record: Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936-2007; US Social Security Administration. Index online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-21). (b) 

27.

State of California (USA). California Death Index, 1940-1997. Samuel G Lewis, SSN 557789249, male, born 3 June 1889 in Calfornia, died 29 May 1975 in San Luis Obispo. Original record: California, Department of Health Services, Vital Statistics Section. Index online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-21).

28.

(a) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 89188009. Margaret G. Lewis, born in 1891, died in 1972; buried in San Luis Cemetery, San Luis Obispo, San Luis Obispo County, California, USA. Inscription: “LEWIS / [left side:] Samuel G. / 1889–19[-]9 / [right side:] Margaret G. / 1891 – 1972.” Memorial created by “Joan,” 26 April 2012; photograph of gravestone by Rich Jordan. Online at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/89188009/margaret-g_-lewis (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).
(b) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 89187510. born 3 June 1889 in California, USA; died 29 May 1975 in San Luis Obispo County, California; buried in San Luis Cemetery, San Luis Obispo, San Luis Obispo County. Inscription: “LEWIS / [left side:] Samuel G. / 1889–19[-]9 / [right side:] Margaret G. / 1891 – 1972.” Memorial created by “Joan,” 26 April 2012; photograph of gravestone by Rich Jordan. Online at https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/89187510/samuel-g_-lewis (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

29.

State of Illinois (USA). Cook County Clerk, Cook County Courthouse, Chicago. Index of Civil Registrations of Marriages. Adam Roy Putman [sic], age 29, and Ruth Kathleen Huggins, age 28; married 21st May 1926. Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 102049149); index online at www.familysearch.org (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-20).

30.

U.S. 1940 Census. George Huggins, age 39; in Los Angeles, California. Original record: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. Archival ref. Year: 1940; Census Place: Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Roll: m-t0627-00398; Page: 81A; Enumeration District: 60-135; enumerated 11th April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2019-06-21).

31.

National Archives and Records Administration. U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938–1946 [database on-line]. George Huggins, b.1901, native of British North America or Canada or Newfoundland. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, 1938-1946 [Archival Database]; World War II Army Enlistment Records; Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 64; National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2008-08-30). Abstract: “George Huggins, born 1901; White, not yet a citizen; native of British North America or Canada or Labrador or Newfoundland; resident of Los Angeles, California; enlisted at Fresno; Branch Immaterial - Warrant Officers, USA; Grade: Private; ... Education: Grammar school; Civil occupation: Actor or Director or Entertainer; Single, without dependants; Height 70, weight 166.”

32.

(a) Province of British Columbia (Canada). Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. George MacMillan Huggins, died at 853 Maple Street, White Rock, B.C., male, Canadian, white, single, born in Nova Scotia on 16 March 1902, age 63 years, trade: Clerk, Municipality of Surrey; last worked in this occupation: 1965, total years spent in this occupation: 8 years; father: George Melburne Huggins, born in Nova Scotia; mother: Florence Isoleta Cole, born in Nova Scotia; informant: Gladys Alice Huggins (sister) of 853 Maple Street, White Rock; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey, B.C.; undertaker: Chapel Hill Funeral Parlour Ltd., White Rock; disease or condition directly leading to death: acute coronary occlusion; other significant conditions: arteriosclerotic heart disease; certified 14th October 1965; District Registration no. 2123; Death registration no. 65-09-013210. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed 2017-08-21).
(b) The White Rock Sun, 21 October 1965 (pg. 2). Obituary for George MacMillan Huggins: “HUGGINS—October 9, 1965, George MacMillan Huggins, 853 Maple street, White Rock, age 63 years. Survived by five sisters, Miss Pamela Huggins and Mrs. Peggy Saunders of White Rock; Mrs. Ruth Putnam, Nova Scotia; Mrs. Margaret Lewis, Mrs. Gertrude Hearn, Calif. Funeral service was held Friday, October 15 from Chapel Hill Funeral Parlour, 14613 North Bluff Road, White Rock. Interment at Sunnyside Lawn. Rev. O.H. Olsen officiated.” Digital image online at White Rock Museum & Archives flickr.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-09-28).

33.

Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28132253. George Macmillan Huggins, born 16 March 1902 in Nova Scotia, Canada died 9 October 1965 at White Rock, British Columbia; buried in Sunnyside Lawn Cemetery, Surrey, British Columbia (plot CEDAR 014 C-1). Inscription: “HUGGINS / George / 1902 – 1965 / In loving memory.” Memorial created by “SusanR,” 8 July 2008; photograph of gravestone by Mark Gordienko, 22 August 2018. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-21).

34.

State of California (USA). Orange County. Marriage License. Frank Rose, native of Missouri, aged 28 years, resident of Los Angeles, and Gertrude Alanna Huggins, native of California [sic], aged 21 years, resident of Los Angeles, 1st June 1936; signed by J.M. Backs, County Clerk, and Helene Kubitz, Deputy Clerk. Witnesses: Ruth K. Putnam of Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, and E. Paul La Montagne of Los Angeles. Married by the Rev. George A. Warmer, Methodist Minister. Standard Certificate of Marriage, local registered no. 1563. Frank Rose of 2906 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, white, age 28 on last birthday, single, first marriage, born in Missouri, son of Allen Rose, born in Kansas and Minnie Dye, born in Missouri. Gertrude Alanna Huggins of 1420 S. Bonnie Brae, Los Angeles, white, single, first marriage, born in California [sic!]; father, George Huggins, and mother, Florence I. Cole, both born in California [sic!]. Filed 5th June 1936, J. Fred Sidebottom, Registrar (County Recorder). Digital image online at familysearch.org (accessed 2017-08-21).

35.

US 1940 Census. Frank Rose, age 36) and wife, Gertrude [Alanna née Huggins], age 29; in Los Angeles, California. Original record: USA, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Archival ref. supervisor’s district no. 14, enumeration district no. 60-966, city ward no. 64, block nos. 13, sheet 8B, enumerated 10 April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

36.

The Los Angeles Times, 18 August 1949 (pg. 27). “Divorce Suits Filed. … Rose, Gertrude against Frank.” Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2019-06-21).

37.

England 1911 Census. Richard H.F. Peacock, age 38, Engineer Foreman, born in Kenton, Northumberland; with wife, Ellen (28), and children: Evelyn (16), Catherine (9), Martha (4), Richard William (2), and John Oliver (1), all born in Newcastle, Northumberland; at 22 Derwent Street, Benwell, Newcastle on Tyne. Original record: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA), 1911. Archival ref. Registration District: Newcastle upon Tyne, no. 558; Sub-registration district: Benwell, enumeration district no. 15, piece 30553. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2019-06-21).

38.

Province of British Columbia (Canada). Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. Gertrude Alanna Peacock, female, died at Peace Arch Hospital, White Rock, B.C. V4B 3E7; married, husband: John Oliver Peacock; housewife; born 2 August 1910 at Halifax, Nova Scotia, age 75 years; names and birth places of parents unknown; informant: John Oliver Peacock, husband, 205 15318 North Bluff Road, White Rock, B.C., 21 March 1986; cremation at Victory Memorial Park, Surrey, 25 March 1986; funeral director: Chapel Hill Funeral Parlour, Surrey, B.C.; cause of death: endometrial cancer with metastasis; certified 24 March 1986, District Registration no. 1022; Death registration no. 005224. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

39.

Province of British Columbia (Canada). Department of Health and Welfare—Division of Vital Statistics. Registration of Death. John Oliver Peacock, male, died 9 December 1996, at 103 - 317 Winnipeg Street, Cherry Park Lodge, Penticton, B.C. B2A 8J9; resident of same address; widowed, wife: Gertrude Aliania Hugguis [sic]; trade: Carpenter (housing); born 9 February 1910, age 86 years; father: Richard Henry Foster Peacock, born in England; mother: Ellen Rankin, born in England; informant: Eldon Peacock, 3407 Forsyth Drive, Penticton, B.C. V2A 7K8; cremation, Okanagan Crematorium, 11 December 1996; undertaker: Penticton Funeral Chapel, 501 Winnipeg Street, Penticton, B.C. V2A 5M8; certified 11 December 1996, Registration District no. 899. Immediate cause of death: Cardiac arrest; other significant conditions contributing to the death: Chronic renal failure. Document control no. 101118396, Registration no. 96-025303. Digital image online at Royal BC Museum, search-collections.royalbcmuseuem.bc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

40.

(a) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28273850. Gertrude Alanna Peacock, born 2 August 1910 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; died 21 March 1986 at White Rock, British Columbia; buried in Sunnyside Lawn cemetery, Surrey (plot CEDAR 011 C-46). Gravestone inscription: “PEACOCK / Gertrude A / 1910 – 1986 / [Lov]ing wife of John.” Memorial created by “SusanR,” 14 July 2008; photograph of gravestone by “bluemermaid68.” Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).
(b) Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 28273852. John Oliver Peacock, born unknown, died 12 September 1996; buried in Sunnyside Lawn cemetery, Surrey (plot CEDAR 011 C-48). Memorial created by “SusanR,” 14 July 2008. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

41.

Canada 1901 Census. Lewis Putnam, age 31, with wife, Abbie (29), and son, Adam R. (4); in North Sydney, Nova Scotia. Original record: Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1901. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Library and Archives Canada, 2004. www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1901/Pages/about-census.aspxl. Series RG31-C-1. Statistics Canada Fonds. Archival ref. Year: 1901; Census Place: North Sydney (Town/Ville), Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; Page: 32; Family No: 286. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2008-08-30).

42.

(a) Dominion of Canada. Particulars of Recruit to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, WWI. Adam Roy Putnam; resident of 173 Bonaccord St., Moncton, New Brunswick; Military Service Act letter and number: 651585 FC; born 1 November 1895 at Maitland, Nova Scotia; single, Presbyterian, Bank clerk; next of kin: L.A. Putnam, father, 173 Bonaccord St., Moncton; not at present a member of the active militia; no previous military or naval experience; medical examination under Military Service Act at Moncton, 18 August 1918, category A2; Regimental no. 4063078; age 21 years 9 months, height 5 feet 3 inches, chest fully expanded 33 inches, range of expansion 2 inches, complexion medium, eyes brown, hair brown, distinctive marks: 2 vaccinations left arm. Original record: Library and Archives Canada, online (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).
(b) Government of Canada. Library and Archives Canada. Personnel Records of the First World War. Adam Roy Putnam, regimental no. 4063078, born 1st November 1896. Archival ref. RG 150, Accession 1992-93/166, Box 8031–27, item no. 584525, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF). Digitized service file online at https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/first-world-war/personnel-records/ (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-21).

43.

(a) U.S. Naturalization Records, 1840–1957. The “Declaration of Intention” form contained the following information: Adam Roy Putnam, aged 28 years, occupation: bookkeeper, color white, complexion fair, height 5 feet 4 inches, no distinctive marks; born at Maitland, Nova Scotia, Canada on the 1st November 1896; now resides at 76 Watson Street, Detroit, Michigan; emigrated to the U.S. from Windsor, Canada by ferry; not married; arrived at the port of Detroit on the 13th May 1925. Original record: National Archives, Washington, D.C.: Records for the U.S. District Court for the District Court, Michigan, Eastern District (ref. Declarations of Intention v. 091–095 1924). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-21). (b) U.S. Naturalization Records Indexes. Index Cards to Naturalization Petitions for the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division, Detroit, 1907–1995. Adam Roy Putnam, dated June 4, 1941. U.S. immigration records ref. P-353 Patenaude, Marguerite-P-362 Peters, Mae, series M1917. Digital image online at www.ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2008-08-30).

44.

Detroit Border Crossings and Passenger and Crew Lists, 1905–1963. Application for Resident Alien’s Border Crossing Identification Card. Ruth Kathleen Putnam, lawful permanent resident at 15771 Mack Avenue, Detroit, Michigan; Alient Registration no. 5304666; born 6 June 1897 at Granville Ferry, Nova Scotia, Canada; female, married, housewife, height 5ft 4-1/2in, weight 125lb, complexion fair, hair brown, eyes brown, no visible distinctive marks or peculiarities; lawfully entered the United States for permanent residence at Detroit under the name of Ruth Kathleen Huggins on July 22, 1923 on the train. Record ref. M1478, Detroit, 1906–1954, 082. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and abstract by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-21).

45.

US 1940 Census. Adam Roy Putnam, age 41, with wife, Ruth [Kathleen Putnam née Huggins], age 40; at 14771 Mack Avenue, Detroit, Michigan. Original record: USA, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Archival ref. supervisor’s district no. 14, enumeration district no. 84-1477, sheet 12B, enumerated 11 April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-21).

46.

U.S. Social Security Death Index. Adam Roy Putnam, SSN 366-10-2356; last residence: 953 (U.S. Consulate), Canada; SSN issued in Michigan before 1951. Original record: U.S. Social Security Administation. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2008-08-30).

47.

Oak Island Cemetery, Maitland, Nova Scotia. Cemetery Records. A. Roy Putnam, 1896–1987, and Ruth K. Putnam, 1897–1991. Also: Lewis Archibald Putnam, 1949. Transcribed by Glenda Clooney (1999). Online database hosted by Hants County, Nova Scotia, GenWeb Project, www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nshants/resources/cemetery/oakisld/ (accessed 2014-03-24).

48.

Province of British Columbia (Canada). Index of Civil Registrations of Marriages. Annie Caroline Huggins and Malgwyn Thomas, 21 February 1930, Vancouver. Original record: British Columbia Archives. Archival ref. registration no. 1930-09-375124, British Columbia Archives microfilm no. B13760, GSU film no. 2074556. Index online at B.C. Archives search.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2010-05-20). ☛ Confirmed to the Certificate of Registration of Marriage, 21st June 2019. Malgwyn Thomas, occupation: plasterer, bachelor, age 38, religious denomination: Church of England; residence: 1919 – 37th Ave. W., Vancouver; reads and writes; born in Wales, son of Thomas Thomas, mother: Mary Ann Rhys, both parents born in Wales. Annie Caroline Huggins, occupation: lady, spinster, age 29, religious denomination: United Church of Canada; residence: 2139 – 46th Ave. W., Vancouver; reads and writes; born in Halifax, Nova Scotia; father: George Huggins, mother: Florence Cole, both parents born in Halifax. Marriage solemnized by E.D. Broden [or Braden?], United Church of Canada, 2183 – 45th Ave. W., Vancouver, 21st February 1930; witnesses: H.A. Brett, M.E. Braden or Broden. J. Mahony, Registrar. Archival ref. Registered no. 10-T-30, registered no. 332, other no. 30-09-375124, other no. 11124. Digital image online at search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca (accessed 2019-06-21).

49.

Wales 1901 Census. Thomas Thomas, age 58, with wife, Mary Ann (57), and children: Thomas (33), Mary Ann (31), Collwyn (25), and Malgwyn (19); in Glanmyddlyn, Llantrisant, Glamorganshire. Original record: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1901 (Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK). Archival ref. PRO ref. RG13, piece 5007, folio 88, pg. 25; Pontypridd R.D., Enumeration district no. 4, Household schedule no. 141. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2010-06-10).

50.

General Register Office (England & Wales). Index entry of Civil Registration of a Death. Malgwyn Thomas, June 1984, date of birth: 7 June 1891, Pontypridd Registration District (Glamorganshire). Original record: General Register Office, ONS, Southport. Archival ref. vol. 27, pg. 1444, reg. no. 684. Digital image online at www.findmypast.co.uk (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2010-05-20.

51.

U.K. Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878–1960. Malgwyn Thomas and Annie Caroline Thomas née Huggins, departed New York on the Georgic, arrived at Liverpool 7 January 1934; arrival at Liverpool, England, on 7 January 1934 with his wife, Annie Caroline née Huggins; departed New York on the Georgic, Cunard White Star line; destination: Penfforoofawr Farm, Bonvilston near Cardiff; Farmer; age, 42; country of last permanent residence, Canada; country of intended future permanent residence: Wales; and for Annie: Housewife; age, 33. Record ref. Class BT26, Piece 1035, Item 39. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2010-06-11).

52.

General Register Office, England & Wales. Certified Copy of an Entry [of Death]. Death – Marwoleth. Entry no. 104. Registration district: Pontypridd. Sub-district: Rhondda 1. Administrative area: County Borough of Rhondda Cynon Taff. Date and place of death: 18th July 1998, Gelli Seren Parc Eiren Thomastown Tonyrefail. Name: Annie Caroline Thomas (female, maiden name: Huggins); born 1st March 1900 in Canada. Occupation: Widow of Malgwyn Thomas, farmer (retired), 22 The Avenue, Tonyrefail, Rhondda Cynon Taff. Informant: Colin Campbell, 35 The Avenue, Tonyrefail. Cause of death: senility, certified by Ian Morris MB. Registered 21st July 1998. L.M. Parry, Registrar. Archival ref. Application no. 2360906-1; other no. QWBDXZ 074342. Purchased by Alison Kilpatrick, 25 May 2010.

53.

(a) McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory. Vol. XLI for the Year Beginning July 1st 1909. Extracts: Huggins Charles E, druggist, 15-1/2 Jacob; h 5 Brenton pl; Huggins George M, principal Richmond School, h 15 E Young; Huggins John A, druggist M P McCaffrey, h 95 Cunard; Huggins W H, barrister & sten Queen Bldgs; h 31 Tower rd; Huggins William, student, bds 15 East Young (pg. 321). Halifax, Nova Scotia: McAlpine Publishing Company, [1909-10].
(b) 
McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory. Vol. XLII for the Year Beginning July 1st 1910. Extracts: Huggins Charles E, druggist, 15-1/2 Jacob; h 5 Brenton pl; Huggins, George M, principal Richmond School, h 15 E Young; Huggins John A, druggist Coombes, bds 81 Cunard; Huggins W H, barrister & sten Queen Bldgs; h 31 Tower rd (pg. 324). Halifax, Nova Scotia: McAlpine Publishing Company, [1910-11].

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© Alison Kilpatrick, 2019. All rights reserved.
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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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