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Timeline for the parishes of Kilrea & Tamlaght O'Crilly, 1835 – 1839.

Please refer to Note and References at bottom of page.
Return to Kilrea & Tamlaght O'Crilly timeline front page.

Sources; Comments; Links
The Mercers' Company agent's house was built at a cost of about £4,000.
Kernohan (1912), pg. 48.

The Mercers' accounting, in 1890, of expenditures on the estate, shows that £4,467 0s. 7d. were spent on the agent's residence.
Link to table.
(1) "The only magistrates then were the rector and the agent of the estate. One constable and five sub-constables were responsible for the peace. The Revenue police numbered ten men, with a lieutenant and a sergeant. The Petty Sessions were held in a house in Coleraine Street."
(2) A police barrack was built and furnished, with accommodation for twenty men, and a black hole, or temporary place of confinement, attached. There were six peace police stationed in Kilrea, with a lieutenant, sergeant, and ten men of the revenue police.
(3) When the new police barrack was built in Bridge-street, "a dump of arms from the 1798 uprising was discovered. When the foundation was being laid, it was found in a stone vault underneath, and is said to have consisted of 200 pikes, 3 swords, 16 daggers, 32 rusted muskets, 2000 cannon balls and a case of gun powder in perfect condition."
(1) Kernohan (1912), pg. 47.
(2) Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
(3) The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 13.

Note: The Mercers' accounting, in 1890, of expenditures on the estate, show that £401 7s. were spent on the police barracks.
Link to table.

Eleven schools operated in the parish of Kilrea; twenty-six, in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly.
Link to schedule of schools, enumerated in The Second Report of the Commissioners of Public Instruction (1835), pp. 340-341, 350-352.
(1) A school for the deaf and dumb was established in Bridge-street, encouraged by the agent of the Mercers' Company, Wm. H. Holmes.
(2) An attempt was made by Mr. A. Craig, of Kilrea, who had himself four mute children, to establish a deaf and dumb institution; in this design he was subsequently assisted by the Mercers' Company, one of the constituent parts of the Irish Societ. It was, however, relinquished in 1835. Ten children were educated thereat.
(1) Article written by Miss Jane Clarke, July 1912, for the Northern Constitution, and cited in The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 45.
(2) Wilde (1853), pg. 74.
Drumsara Private school, in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, was established; situated one and a half miles from Kilrea; income from pupils, £4; no grants; 25 pupils; all catechisms taught; schoolmaster, Thomas Mooney, a Roman Catholic.
The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 59.
Ballynian Private School, parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, was established; 24 Roman Catholic pupils.
The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 76.
The congregation of 1st Kilrea Presbyterian numbered 2,929 (up from 1,362 in 1835).
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
The churchyard of the Reformed Presbyterian meeting-house, at Drumbold [Drimbolg], was planted with forest trees.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
Forty people emigrated from the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly: fourteen went to Québec, twenty-three to St. John's, and three to New York.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.

Note: Because the newspapers and other contemporary publications often misnamed the city of Saint John, New Brunswick as St. John's, which is in Newfoundland (both of which are maritime cities), it isn't clear which city is meant in this extract.
The agent to the Mercers' Company, William Henry Holmes. Esq., wrote a letter, exhorting the tenants of the estate to desist from bad habits such as sabbath-breaking, quarrelling, lying, stealing, and drunkenness.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
Murder of James Crocket, of Tamlaght O'Crilly, on leaving the market at Kilrea. On 5th March, Bernard M'Kenna was committed to the county gaol, charged with the murder.
Northern Whig, 16 February 1835.
Belfast News-Letter, 10 March 1835.
Northern Whig, 13 Aug.1835 (trial postponed).

Note, that a report of the trial of this case has not been found.
At the Londonderry Assizes, on the 5th August, Francis Green and James Farrell were tried "for stealing 9s 6d from Daniel Linton, on the 8th of April at Kilrea. The culprits were mere boys." The verdict returned was guilty, with sentence of transportation for seven years.
Northern Whig, 13 August 1835.
Link to transcription.
The First Report from his Majesty's Commissioners for inquiring into the Condition of the Poorer Classes in Ireland was published. Parochial examinations were conducted in seventeen counties, relative to the modes of relieving the following categories of poverty (Appendix A):
- Deserted and Orphan Children;
- Illegitimate Children and their Mothers;
- Widows having Families of young Children;
- The Impotent through Age or other permanent Infirmity;
- The Sick Poor, who in health, are capable of earning their subsistence;
- The Able-bodied out of Work;
- Vagrancy, as a mode of relief;
Witnesses at the baronial examinations included John Adams, Mr. Adcock, innkeeper, William Anderson, farmer, Robert Armstrong, farmer and weaver, John Bradley, baker, Mr. Church, surgeon, Robert Holmes, agent to the Mercers' Company, Mr. Houston, grocer, Daniel Hunter, grocer, Hugh Hunter, spirit dealer, Joseph Irwin, farmer and weaver, Robert Laughlin, farmer, Rev. Mr. M'Cammon, Kennedy M'Can, schoolmaster, Thomas M'Cay, farmer, Mr. M'Crowley, farmer, Laurence O'Regan, farmer, Rev. Mr. Rodgers, Mr. Thompson, grocer, and Rev. Mr. Waddy.

The report also included:
- Supplement to Appendix A, with answers to questions about the subjects discussed in the examinations, as outlined above;
- Appendix E, regarding the condition of cottiers, their cabins, furnishings, conditions of holding, and presence of savings' banks, pawnbrokers' shops, public houses, and illicit distillation; and,
- Appendix G, which gave lists of civil bill ejectments entered for trial, between the years 1827–1833.
Poor Inquiry (1833-1836), Appendixes (A.), (E.), and (G.)

The parochial examinations contain substantive, fascinating, and—even at this distant point in time‚—disturbing insights into the plight of the poor in early 19th century Ireland.

Link to lengthy transcriptions of parochial inquiries conducted in, and in the neighbourhood of, the parish of Kilrea.

See also entry under 1838-07-31, "Enacted by Parliament, ..."
Riots at Kilrea.--On the informations of two men from Kilrea, John Gore Jones, Esq., of Portglenone, proceeded to Kilrea with troops. Just outside the town, the Rev. Mr. Waddy met Mr. Jones, whom he advised that he (Mr. Waddy) was accountable for preserving the peace and, if Mr. Jones entered the town with troops, there would be bloodshed. Mr. Jones elected to continue into the town, with the troops, meeting great resistance from the Orangemen there assembled. A riot did ensue, during which stones were thrown at Mr. Jones and the troops, several men were sabred, and a shot was fired by one of the dragoons.
Northern Whig, 20 July 1835 (report of riot).
Link to transcription.

See also entries under:
1835-07-30, "A Select Committee, ..."
1836-03-12, "The inhabitants of..."
1836-03-17, "Trial for an Orange Procession..."
1836-03-17, "Londonderry Assizes."
1837-06-23, "John Gore Jones prosecuted ..."
1837-06-28, "In celebration of the verdict..."
1837-07-26, "Pursuant to a Public Meeting, ..

  A Select Committee, appointed by the House of Commons, published its First Report, on having inquired "into the Nature, Character, Extent and Tendency of Orange Lodges, Associations or Societies in Ireland, and to Report their Opinion thereupon, and who were empowered to report the Minutes of the Evidence taken before them from time to time to the House."
  Among the witnesses examined, of interest to the riot in Kilrea on 13th July 1835, were John Gore Jones, Esq., stipendiary magistrate, Major Robert Garrett, 46th regiment, and Captain E.K. Tenison, 14th Light Dragoons, with informations sworn by Laurence O'Regan and Peter M'Allister, of Kilrea, and the names of persons identified by the constabulary for Procession and for Riot.
Orange Lodges in Ireland (1835), pp. 154-71, Appendix B pp. 86ff, Supplement p. 226.
Link to transcriptions.
1835-08-01 At Tamlaght O'Crilly, was established a dispensary, managed by a committee, and supported by public funds. Diseases that occurred most frequently included "smallpox, dyspepsia, diseases of the digestive organs, diseases of the chest, diarrhoea, sores, helminthia, contusions, scarlatina, fever, rheumatism, sore eyes, toothache," &c. The attending physician was Edward Neville, Esq., M.D.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
"The Presbytery of Magherafelt attended at Tamlaght, near Kilrea, to preside at the laying of the foundation stone of a house of worship for that newly erected congregation in connexion with the Synod of Ulster." A large number of persons of various denominations "assembled upon the site of the building (a most eligible piece of ground, granted rent free for ever by L.R. Heyland, Esq.)."
Belfast News-Letter, 29 September 1835.
Link to transcription.

See also entries under 1836-01-23, "Churchtown Presbyterian was built, ...
," and 1840-11-17, "The new Presbyterian church..."
Kilrea Sunday School Union.--A sermon was preached in the Presbyterian meeting-house, Kilrea, by the Very Rev. the Moderator of the General Synod of Ulster, in behalf of the Sabbath schools of the congregation. The collection amounted to £7 7s.
Belfast News-Letter, 13 October 1835.
Link to transcription.
The inhabitants of Kilrea presented a testimonial to Mr. William Crozier, sergeant of police, on the occasion of his removal to Ballintra, county Donegal.
Belfast News-Letter, 20 November 1835.
Link to transcription.
(1) There were 191 houses in the town of Kilrea, 51 of two storeys, and 3 of three storeys. The town of Kilrea boasted six haberdashers, twenty-four dressmakers, twelve grocers, nineteen publicans, and five schoolmasters. "[B]y the aid of the Company an outside car to hold twelve passengers, called the 'Enterprise,' was started, and ran thrice weekly to Belfast."
(2) On 9,000 arable acres in the parish of Kilrea, there was a population of 11,000 individuals in the whole estate of the Mercers' Company (all but one townland in the parish belonged to the company). The company were encouraging the emigration of the people to America by paying their passage.
(1) Kernohan (1912), pp. 28, 30, 45.
(2) Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
"In 1836 the people were in a state of 'slow but progressive improvement,' being chiefly occupied hitherto in farming on a small scale, and weaving. This latter industry was steadily declining. The chief hindrance to improvement in farming was the smallness of the farms."
Kernohan (1912), pg. 67. (Noted under Mr. Kernohan's chapter about Boveedy Presbyterian congregation.)
Kilrea Academy for Males was established; situated in Cottage Grove, the seat of the Rev. Hugh Walker Rodgers; classical and mercantile courses were taught, preparatory to entrance of business and into universities; conducted by the Rev. Mr. Rodgers and the Rev. William Wallace, of Rasharkin.
The Fairy Thorn (1984), pp. 57, 59.
Tyanee Presbyterian school established; 24 Presbyterian, 1 Roman Catholic, and 2 "other" pupils.
The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 76.
1836 As examples of longevity in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, Laurence Atkinson, who died in this year, lived to be over 100 years. Matthew McCahy, of Drumnacannon, also died, at the age of 96. Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
(1) Churchtown Presbyterian was built,
(2) at the intersection of the Tamlaght and Drumlane roads, in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly.
(3) "On 23rd January 1836 a storm occurred which brought to the ground a great portion of the wall on the southern side and materially injured the walls at present standing."
(4) "Prior to the building of this new church, the Presbyterians of the village and district had been obliged to worship in Kilrea or Portglenone."
(1) Kernohan (1912), pg. 67.
(2) Google Maps (accessed 2014-12-28).
(3) Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
(4) The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 152.

See also entries under 1835-09-21, "The Presbytery of Magherafelt attended...," and 1840-11-17, "The new Presbyterian church..."
The membership of the Boveedy Reformant Presbyterian Moral Society (founded in 1800) numbered sixty souls. Meetings were conducted during the summer between 2:00 and 6:00 p.m., and in winter, from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m. Members were very active in their congregation, opening services with singing and prayer, and holding moral meetings in their homes.
Account of Boveedy written by James McIlfatrick; cited in The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 128.
The inhabitants of the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly presented an address to John Gore Jones, Chief Magistrate of Police, in support of his "straightforward and impartial conduct, in every act of [his] Magisterial duties," asserting that, under Jones' residence amongst them, "party quarrels have ceased to disturb the peace," &c.
Dublin Evening Packet, 12 March 1836.
Link to transcription.
At the Derry Assizes on the 15th March, Patrick M'Daid was put on trial for the murder of Bernard M'Cahan, near Kilrea, on the 22d Sept. 1833. M'Daid was found guilty and, though the jury had recommended him to mercy, he was sentenced to death.
Enniskillen Chronicle, 24 March 1836.
Link to transcription.
"A crowd of Orangemen were this day indicted, at the Londonderry Assizes, for riotously assembling at Kilrea, on the 13th of July last, and for an affray, as also marching in Orange procession." Arthur Mulholland, Andrew Godfrey, Thomas Nichol, Samuel M'Mullan, John Shaw, James Scott, William Orr, James Kyle, James Doherty, James Glasgow, William Lomond, and Thomas Grimes, were indicted for having, on the 13th July, 1835, assembled and walked in procession in Kilrea: also for behaving in a riotous manner and disturbing the peace. All the traversers were acquitted.
Dublin Evening Packet, 22 March 1836 (trial)
London Standard, 23 March 1836 (editorial)
London Standard, 24 March 1836 (trial)

See also entries under:
1835-07-13, "Riots at Kilrea, ..."
1835-07-30, "A Select Committee, ..."
1836-03-12, "The inhabitants of..."
1836-03-17, "Trial for an Orange Procession..."
1837-06-23, "John Gore Jones prosecuted ..."
1837-06-28, "In celebration of the verdict..."
1837-07-26, "Pursuant to a Public Meeting, ..."
Beginning in the 1830s, employees of the Ordnance Survey Department, wrote extensive notes about many of the parishes in counties Antrim, Down, Londonderry, and Tyrone. These notes, or Memoirs, were intended to accompany the townland survey, and resulting maps, of Ireland. In May 1836, J. Stokes, J. Bleakly, and T. Fagan, of the Ordnance Survey, compiled extensive and interesting notes on life in the parish of Kilrea during the 1830s. Their notes encompassed such subjects as:
- the natural features, or terrain and geography, of the parish, including hills, loughs, rivers, bogs, woods, climate and crops;
- modern topography, including the location of the town of Kilrea in relation to other towns in Ireland and its size, the layout of streets and placement of buildings such as the Presbyterian meeting-house, the market house and sealing room, hotel, New House, New Inn, police barrack, Mr Holmes' house, the Glebe house; also, bleach greens, manufactories and mills, roads, bridges, the ferry (formerly at Portna); the general appearance and scenery of the parish; also, the Mercers' Hotel, residence of physician, grain and butter market, residence of rector;
- social and productive economy, for example, water supply, size of houses, freedom of trade, the library, markets and fairs, building materials, insurance and employment, conveyances, spirit drinking, means to improvement; also, prevailing surnames, early improvements, population and landlords, prohibition of amusements, control of alcohol, farming society, division of farms for political purposes, obstruction to improvement in the form of aclohol, local government, criminal offences, cases at petty sessions (statistical outline, only), encouragement of good habits by the agent of the Mercers' Company, illicit distillation and insurance, deaf and dumb school, the poor of the parish, income of the clergy, habits of the people, religious societies, amusements, instances of longevity, emigration, and migration; the Mercers' Company and improvements, trades and occupations; original Protestant clergy and rectors, the Presbyterian meeting-house, original Presbyterian clergy, the Seceders, and provision for the poor; linen cloth manufacture and trade, creel makers, the quarry in Movanagher, original settlers, magistrates, fall of water at the Bann, and the bleach mill;
- social economy and history, including a general history, tradition regarding the diamond in Kilrea; the burning of the meeting-house in 1643, the Siege of Derry, General Mack, the tradition about the holy turf and straw runners, the memorial to the 1745 Rebellion in Scotland; a prominent Scottish settler; table of diseases, the dispensary, and tables of mills, schools, and Sunday schools;
- history and ancient topography, for example, forges and smithies, the old church, the castle in Movanagher, forts, holy wells, the ancient bell of the parish church; drawings by J. Stokes; the priests' stone, forts, and a cave.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland, Vol. XXIII, Parishes of County Londonderry VIII, 1830, 1833-7, 1839. East Londonderry, edited by Angélique Day and Patrick McWilliams (Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, in association with The Royal Irish Academy, Dawson Street, Dublin, 1994).
Peter Madigan was assaulted near Kilrea. Daniel Sheil was tried for the assault at the Ballymena Quarter Sessions on the 31st December. Guilty; one month's imprisonment.
Northern Whig, 7 January 1837.
Link to transcription.
The Rev. Hugh Walker Rodgers, of 1st Kilrea Presbyterian, was chosen Moderator of the General Synod of Ulster, for the ensuing year.
Northern Whig, 30 June 1836.
1836-07-12 William Torrens, David Cosker, Thomas Colley, and Robert Hasty were charged with walking in procession at Kilrea.
Newry Examiner, 29 March 1837 (trial).
Link to transcription.
A sermon was preached in the Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. Robert Park, Ballymoney, in aid of Kilrea Sunday School Union. The collection amounted to upwards of £6.
Belfast News-Letter, 25 October 1836.
Link to transcription.
A legal notice was published, in the Northern Whig newspaper, by the Lough Neagh Improvement Company, of the company's intention to make application to Parliament, for leave to bring in a Bill, in order to obtain an Act, authorizing the Conversion of the Lower Bann River into a Navigable Canal or Communication, from Lough Neagh, to the Sea, below Coleraine, with proper Works, Locks, Bridges, Roads, &c. The notice included all the places anticipated to be affected by such a construction, including the townlands of Glenone and Tyanee, in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, and the townlands of Lislea, Moyknock, Monegran, Kilrea, Claragh, Mullan, and Movanagher, in the parish of Kilrea.
Northern Whig, 29 November 1836.

Sell also entry under, 1839-08-09, "A meeting of the Lough Neagh Improvement Company..."
  The village of Tamlaght O'Crilly had "a church (parish), a school-house, a dispensary and a Presbyterian Meeting House." A school-house had been lately erected in Glenone, at a cost of £155, but was not fully completed or occupied.
  The village of Inisrush "contained 31 houses of 1-storey and 9 of 2-storeys, with 1 waste house." Petty sessions were held there on the first Thursday of each month.
  There were ten houses in the clachan of Clady.
  The townland of Glenone is situated on the west side of the river Bann, opposite the town of Portglenone.
  The churches in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly comprised: the parish church [Established Church, or Episcopalian], situated near the ruins of the old church; a chapel of ease in Tyanee; Presbyterian meeting-houses in Tamlaght, Bovedy (Seceding), and Drimbolg (Reformed Presbyterian); and, Roman Catholic chapels in Drumagarner townland and at Greenlough.
  Many of the farms were very small holdings. There were no cattle shows or agricultural societies. The people of Tamlaght O'Crilly took their produce to the markets of Kilrea, Portglenone, and Maghera.
  Petty sessions were held at Inishrush and at Kilrea.
  There were about 100 paupers, begging within the parish; none wore badges. The rectory served as an almshouse, and distributions were made from the poor box collection at the church.
  There was a cheap lending library in Portglenone, and the different religious societies kept small collections of books.

Account of Tamlaght O'Crilly written by James McIlfatrick; cited in The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 150.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
At the Ballymena Quarter Sessions, Daniel Sheil was tried for an assault on Peter Madigan, near Kilrea, on the 18th May 1836. Sheil was found guilty, and sentenced to one month's imprisonment.
Northern Whig, 7 January 1837.
Link to transcription.
up to 1837
As late as 1837, the local inhabitants of Boveedy held what were called Boveedy Pleasure Days, on the Old Christmas Day. The local inhabitants gathered in the village, engaging in such amusements as "shooting at marks, common playing, cock fighting, dancing, singing and drinking."
Account of Boveedy written by James McIlfatrick; cited in The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 128.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
Peter and Mary M'Clay were arrested for having set fire to the house of Ambrose Hughes, at Ballymacpeake, on the 17th March.
Enniskillen Chronicle, 27 July 1837 (trial.)
Link to transcription.
At the Londonderry Assizes, William Torrens, David Cosker, Thomas Colley, and Robert Hasty were tried for walking in procession at Kilrea. Hasty was acquitted; the other three men were found guilty.
Newry Examiner, 29 March 1837.
Link to transcription.
(1) A meeting was held at Gulladuff, parish of Lavey, county Derry, "to petition the legislature for the total abolition of tithes." A similar meeting was held by the united parishes of Tamlaght O'Crilly, Kilrea, and Desertoghill, a few days previously.
(2) "A meeting of the united Parishes of Tamlaght-O'Crilly, Kilrea, and Desertochill, County of Derry, was held a few days ago, for the abolition of tithes, and for Municipal Reform, and Vote by Ballot. Several eloquent and animated speeches were delivered on the occasion. From the vast multitude congregated on this occasion, it is evident, that deep-rooted hatred to the tithe system exists in the minds of a great majority of people of Ireland; and, that [they] are determined never to desist, until that unjust and vexatious impost be abolished, in name and in substance."
(1) Dublin Weekly Register, 15 April 1837.
Link to transcription.
(2) Northern Whig, 11 April 1837.
John Henderson, Seneschal of Kilrea (appointed in 1803), submitted a return to Government, answering questions about the Manor Court under the jurisdiction of the Mercers' Company. Between 1834-1836, manor courts had been conducted between six and eight times a year, with, generally, thirty cases tried, recoveries of sums totalling £70 10s. 1/2d, and of costs, £26 2s.
Parliamentary Papers (1837), pp. 438-440.
Link to transcription.
The Rev. Mr. Minchin, formerly curate of Boveva, was appointed to the curacy of Kilrea by the Rev. John Waddy, rector of that parish.
Freeman's Journal, 13 April 1837.
The Honourable the Irish Society granted the Presbyterians of Kilrea £100 towards the re-building of their Meeting-house.
Belfast News-Letter, 23 May 1837.
The foundation stone of the present building of First Kilrea Presbyterian was laid.
Kernohan (1912), pg. 42.
Belfast News-Letter, 30 June 1837; and also:
BNL, 3 Oct. 1837 (donations); BNL 29 June 1838 (bell donated by Mr. Barnes); Northern Whig, 8 January 1839 (donation from the Irish Society, for school-rooms).

See also entry under 1838-06-29, "William Barnes, Esq., of London, ..."
1837-06-23 & -24
John Gore Jones prosecuted legal actions for libel against Messrs. Cunningham, Hunter, and others, Magistrates of the county of Londonderry. "The declaration contained two counts, alleging the publication of certain resolutions passed at a meeting convened by Lord Garvagh, Lord Lieutenant of the county Londonderry, and which reflected on the plaintiff's character, and characterising certain evidence given by him before a Committee of the House of Commons as 'monstrous and revolting,' and 'wilful and direct false-
hoods.' The damages were laid at £2,000. The defendants pleaded the general issue, and next, as in justification, certain evidence given by the plaintiffs before a Committee of the House of Commons." The trial proceeded for two days, at the end of which, after twenty minutes' deliberation, the jury returned a verdict in favour of the defendants, the magistrates, with costs.
Detailed accounts of the court proceedings were published in the Newry Examiner, 28 June 1837 (4 columns) and 1 July 1837 (7+ columns).

See also transcripts under the heading, Report on Orange Lodges & Associations of Societies (1835).
1837-06-28 In celebration of the verdict passed in favour of the magistrates of county Londonderry and, therefore, against John Gore Jones, the inhabitants of Portglenone and Kilrea celebrated by burning tar barrels. Effigies of the Rev. John M'Laughlin, R.C.C., Tamlaght O'Crilly, and Mr. Gore Jones were burnt in Kilrea, where several men were arrested for a riot.
The Morning Chronicle, 10 July 1837.
Link to transcription.

See also entries under 1837-07-26, "Pursuant to a Public Meeting, ...," and 1838-03-21, "Richard Mowbray, ..."
Pursuant to a Public Meeting, a Deputation presented the Rev. John M'Laughlin, R.C.C., of Tamlaght O'Crilly, with an address, supportive of his numerous virtues and talents; expressive of their "abhorrence and detestations of the foul and execrable deed of a vile Orange banditti;" a declaration that his entire life, "not only of strict temperance, but of absolute abtemiousness, gives the lie direct to the foul;" and, a promised presentation of a Silver Chalice, Patena, Vestments, Altar Linens, Sutan, and Surplice. Newry Examiner, 26 July 1837.
Link to transcription.
Enniskillen Chronicle 7 September 1837.
Link to transcription.

See also entry under 1837-06-28, "In celebration of the verdict passed..."
"Peter and Mary M'Clay were indicted for having set fire to the house of Ambrose Hughes, at Ballymacpeak, near Maghera, on 17th March last. The M'Clays had been dispossessed of the land which Hughes occupied; … Verdict, Guilty."
Enniskillen Chronicle, 27 July 1837.
Link to transcription.
The Reformed Presbyterian Meeting-house of Drimbolg was opened for worship, "by the Rev. Mr. Gibson, New York, and the Rev. Mr. Dick, Ballymena. The collection amounted to £23 4s 6d."
Northern Whig, 26 August 1837.
Link to transcription.
Belfast News-Letter, 8 Dec. 1837 (donations).
Link to transcription.
Reastown school was built by the Rev. Hugh Walker Rodgers, minister of First Kilrea Presbyterian Church.
The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 55.
1838-01-20 At Kilrea petty sessions, Patrick M'Clay, James Blaney, Thomas Houston, and Joseph Laughlin were "convicted of having unlawfully killed salmon, and sentenced each to pay a fine of 4l. 12s. 2-1/2d., or six months' imprisonment; and, at same time, Henry Neil and James M'Kenna were convicted of an assault upon the water-keepers, and sentenced, the first to pay a fine of 12s. 6d., or a fortnight's imprisonment; the other to pay a fine of 1l. 2s., or a month's imprisonment." Freeman's Journal, 20 January 1838.
Link to transcription.
Death of Dr. McRory (or Rogers), of Greenlough. Of the Rev. Dr. McRory's curates, the Rev. Samuel Auterson became the parish priest of the parish of Kilrea and Desertoghill; and, the Rev. Mr. M'Laughlin became the parish priest of Greenlough.
Parish of Greenlough (2006).
Father Samuel Oterson (or Auterson) was the parish priest of Drumagarner; he had been curate in Drumagarner from 1824. Research by Mrs. Kathleen Gillen; cited in The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 83.
Richard Mowbray, Arthur Mulholland, Neal M'Kay, Robert Young, William Lemment, and thirteen others were indicted for a riot at Kilrea, on the 28th June. The jury returned a verdict of acquittal. Dublin Evening Mail, 26 March 1838 (trial).
Link to transcription.
Freeman's Journal, 29 March 1838 (editorial).
Link to transcription.

See also entry under 1837-06-28, "In celebration of the verdict..."
The Rev. John M'Laughlin, P.P., of Greenlough, scheduled an Examination for the 2nd May, to take place at Glenone National School-house, "for the selection of a Mistress for the Female Department of the Establishment." Salary, £8.
Northern Whig, 21 April 1838.
Link to transcription.
William Barnes, Esq., of London, the architect of the new building for First Kilrea Presbyterian, presented the congregation with a splendid bell for the use of the church.
Belfast News-Letter, 29 June 1838.

See also entry under 1837-06-23, "The foundation stone ..."
James Laughlin, William Kyle, George Evans, and James Brewster were arrested for walking in procession at Kilrea and Garvagh. In the sessions of the Londonderry Assizes, held in August, they were convicted, and sentenced "to one month's imprisonment each, and to give the same security [i.e., themselves in 20l. each, and two sureties in 10l. each]. … The three former submitted--the latter took his trial along with Alexander Patterson, who proved he was not in the procession, and had, in consequence, a verdict of not guilty returned in his favour."
Freeman's Journal, 9 August 1838 (trial).
Link to transcription.
Death of the Rev. John Waddy. Rev. Mr. Waddy was the rector of the parish of Kilrea (Church of Ireland) for forty-nine years.
Freeman's Journal, 1 August 1838.
1838-07-31 Enacted by Parliament: An Act for the More Effectual Relief of the Destitute Poor in Ireland (1st & 2nd Vic., cap. 56); also known as the Irish Poor Law Act, or the Irish Poor Relief Act. See also entry under 1835-07-08, "The First Report from his Majesty's Commissioners..."
On the 24th October 1838, the Rev. Dominick M'Cormick, Roman Catholic priest of Kilrea, was tried at the Coleraine Quarter Sessions, for assault on James Mayberry and Nancy Mayberry, on the 31st July. On the first count, Rev. Mr. M'Cormick was sentenced to pay a fine of sixpence; on  the second, to be imprisoned one month; and, on the third, to be imprisoned one fortnight.
Dublin Evening Mail, 2 November 1838.
Link to transcription.
In March, 1839, Henry Murray and Charles Devlin were tried on charges of having stolen, "on the 31st July, at Tamlaght-o'-Crilly, County Derry, two cows, the property of Hugh Rodgers. … Both guilty. There were four other charges of cattle-stealing against Devlin; but the Counsel for the Crown was satisfied with the conviction for the first, and withdrew the remainder." Witnesses included Hugh Rodgers, John Skelly, Hector M'Ilfettrick, Patrick Reilly, Charles Neeson, and Sergeant Foster.
Northern Whig, 12 March 1839.
Link to transcription.
The Lord Bishop of Derry appointed the Rev. Mr. Lindsay, his son-in-law, to the living of Kilrea, vacant by the demise of the late highly-esteemed incumbent, the Rev. Mr. Waddy.
Northern Whig, 11 September 1838.
The subscribers and friends of the Kilrea Union Conveyance Company dined in the Town-hall of Kilrea. About fifty gentlemen sat to dinner, William Henry Holmes, Esq., in the chair.
Belfast News-Letter, 14 September 1838.
Link to transcription.
Examinations were scheduled to be held in the School-Room of the Glenone National School, to select a teacher for the Male Department of the school. Salary, £10, with an additional £20 which might be expected from the pupils.
Northern Whig, 25 September 1838.
Link to transcription.

An examination of teachers and pupils were held in Glenone school, on the subject of writing. First prize for penmanship was awarded to Bernard M'Kenna, teacher of Killygerron School, and to Patrick M'Erlaine, pupil, Glenone. An excellent dinner was given to forty to fifty gentlemen in the evening, at which the subject of National Education was addressed by William M'Ready, Esq., Inspector.
Northern Whig, 15 November 1838.
Link to transcription.
(1) Death of the Rev. James McCammon, minister of 2nd Kilrea, at Dugery, near Banbridge, county Down, aged just 27 years.
Compare with:
(2) It was said that Rev. Mr. M'Cammon died of over-exertion in the building of the new church. On the 16th March 1839, having decided to take a stroll along the Garvagh road, he was "leaning on one of the old gates leading into a field on the Kilrea side of the Mullan road...when he collapsed and was later found lying between the two old limestone gateposts."
(1) Kernohan (1912), pg. 44, and Freeman's Journal, 29 March 1839. Link to transcription.

(2) The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 74.
A new road was contemplated between the towns of Kilrea and Garvagh. A deputation of cesspayers requested that "an examination of the undulating and hilly state of the present line of road between these two towns should be made--also, that the facilities which existed for forming an entire new road should be reported on." The County Surveyor confirmed that "a level line for all practical purposes, could be obtained at a comparatively small expense."
Belfast News-Letter, 9 April 1839.
Link to transcription.
The new meeting-house of 1st Kilrea Presbyterian was "opened for public worship by the Rev. J. Seaton Reid, D.D." … It was built by subscription, and was described as being in 1836 in bad repair, and without a ceiling." The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 71.
Kernohan (1912), pg. 42; cited 23 June 1839.
Belfast News-Letter, 7 May 1839.
Link to transcription.

Note: McComb's Presbyterian Almanac (1843) also cited the 21st April 1839.
A peaceful observation of the 12th passed in Kilrea, though "a flag was erected on the belfry of the parish church, the bells of which sent forth peals loud and long, from an early hour." A large body paraded through Boveedy and Tamlaght O'Crilly; "shots were fired, and party tunes played, as is usual on these occasions, and all the customary insignia of the faction displayed."
Vindicator, 17 July 1839.
Link to transcription.
The House and Farm of Portna were advertised for lease, with more than ten acres of land, "considered one of the best parts in the Kingdom for Angling."
Northern Whig, 18 July 1839.
Link to transcription.
A meeting of the Lough Neagh Improvement Company was held in Belfast, "to take into consideration the projected measures of the above Company, for reducing the waters of Lough Neagh to the Summer level, and making other alterations in the lake."
Northern Whig, 13 August 1839.
Link to transcription.

See also entry under 1836-11-29, "A legal notice was published..."
A freehold property in the townland of Glenone, held under J.D. Nesbitt, Esq., was advertised for sale by the executors to the will of the late John Lytle.
Belfast News-Letter, 6 September 1839.
Link to transcription.
The Magherafelt Union Workhouse was formally declared on this date. Built to accommodate 900 inmates, the workhouse cost £6,600, plus £1,460 for fittiings, &c.
Higginbotham, The Workhouse, online at www.workhouses.org.uk (accessed 2015-01-22).
The Magherafelt Poor Law Union (PLU) came into operation. This PLU included the following townlands in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly: Ballymacpeake Lower, Eden, Glenone, Inishrush, Inishrush (town, Moneystaghan Ellis, Moneystaghan Macpeake, Mullaghnamoyagh, Portglenone (co. Derry), Tamlaght (town), and Tyanee. Poor Law Commissioners' Report (1844),
pp. 518ff.
The Mercers' Company spent £48,912 17s. 11d. on the Kilrea estate during this ten-year period. The largest sums expended, in rank order, were:
  £11,219 9s. 3d. for expenses of management;
  £  4,467 0s. 7d. on the agent's house;
  £  4,840 6s. 5d. for tithes;
  £  2,999 7s. 11d. for markets;
  £  2,974 15s. 10d. for roads and footpaths;
  £  2,357 15s. 1d. for "incidentals;"
  £  1,968 11s. 8d. for repairs;
  £  1,910 3s. 7d. for the dispensary;
  £  1,892 6s. 7d. for villas;
  £  1,803 10s. 6d. for valuing and mapping;
  £  1,594 15s. 8d. for the Presbyterian meeting-house;
  £  1,507 7s. 10d. for Kilrea Corn Mill;
  £  1,472 7s. 5d. for Deputations;
  £  1,443 16s. 3d. for Schools;
  £  1,409 14s. 2d. for compensation to tenants;
  £  1,380 4s. 7d. for planting and fencing;
  £  1,203 1s. 0d. for places of worship; and,
  £  1,075 18s. 8d. for emigration.
Smaller sums were expended on abatements, cottages, Kilrea New Church (£8 10s.; the larger expenditure would be made from 1841-1850), Lisnagrot Mill (£1 4s.), the lime quarry, loans, the police barracks (£401 7s.), the stone quarry, and the wharf at Portna.
Paper handed in by Mr. Watney to the Committee on Irish Society and London Companies (1890), pp. 549-50.
Link to transcription.

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  • Day, Angélique, and Patrick McWilliams, eds. Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland. Vol. XVIII. Parishes of County Londonderry V, 1830, 1833, 1836-7. Maghera and Tamlaght O'Crilly. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, in association with The Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1993.
  • Day, Angélique, and Patrick McWilliams, eds. Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland. Vol. XXVII. Parishes of County Londonderry VIII, 1830, 1833-7, 1839. East Londonderry. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, in association with The Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1994.
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  • Great Britain, House of Commons. Reports from Committees: 1835. Sixteen Volumes--Contents of the Twelfth Volume. Orange Lodges: Third Report of Select Committee on Orange Lodges, Associations of Societies in Ireland; Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index. Session 19 February – 10 September 1835. Vol. XVI.
  • Great Britain. House of Commons. Second Report of the Commissioners of Public Instruction, Ireland. London: William Clowes and Sons, 1835, pp. 340a-341a, 350a-352a.
  • Great Britain, Poor Law Commission. Tenth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners, with Appendices. London: W. Clowes and Sons, 1844.
  • Higginbotham, Peter. The Workhouse: The Story of an Institution. Online at www.workhouses.org.uk.
  • Kernohan, J.W. The Parishes of Kilrea and Tamlaght O'Crilly: A Sketch of Their History, With an Account of Boveedy Congregation. Coleraine: Chronicle Office, 1912. Transcribed by Barbara Braswell and Richard Torrens; posted to Richard Torrens' Bann Valley Genealogy web site, www.torrens.org.uk/Genealogy/Bann Valley/
  • Kilrea Local History Group. The Fairy Thorn: Gleanings and Glimpses of Old Kilrea; published by The Kilrea Local History Group. Coleraine: Impact Printing, 1984.
  • Kilrea Local History Group. The Fairy Thorn Revisited: More Gleanings and Glimpses of Old Kilrea, published by The Kilrea Local History Group. Coleraine, and Ballycastle, 1996.
  • Sagart, Art. P. O'Raghallaigh. The Parish of Greenlough/Tamlaght O'Crilly: A Brief History (pub. 2006). Online at www.69thpa.co.uk/tamlaghtpdf.pdf (accessed 2015-01-17).
  • Wilde, W.R. "Statistics of the Deaf and Dumb in Ireland." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. XVI. London: John William Parker and Son, 1853.
© Alison Kilpatrick 2015